Most homeowners are tired of living in old and ugly looking walls but are more afraid of painting – wow, what an oxymoron. To improve the beauty of your home without investing more than enough, you need painting. You will resuscitate your home by efficiently improving it. The right wall preparation is very important to end up with a satisfying result during house painting. You will end up wasting more time, money, and effort when you fail to observe prior to preparations before you start painting.
House preparation before painting is one of the many overlooked procedures during house painting. Renovation process also involves getting your home ready before you start applying the paint to the wall.
To have successful and satisfying painting experience, you need first to do the prior hard work, which involves prepping the walls. Painting a surface that is not properly prepared will only lead to painting project disaster. However, painting a well-prepared wall will result in quality work with huge returns. Have it in mind that preparation is the key to a successful and satisfying result of painting.
Here, we have put together the best tips for you to choose the right paint for your home, and also how to prepare your home for the painting. You will find several things you should understand before you start painting that will leave you with stress-free and sweet painting experience. First and foremost, let’s take a look at the home preparation before painting at a glance.
Home Preparation before Painting and its Importance
One of the vital aspects of a paint job is surface preparation. This is a perfect step, even though good home preparation is translated into many meaning by a different set of people. Similarly, surface preparation differs from one to another. The major issue here is that your exterior surface becomes due for painting as a result of the effect of time and weather elements. Poor surface preparation will render the paint useless regardless of how hard you try.
Below is the list of things that should be removed from disturbing superior adhesion:
- Dry rot sealing and repair
- Stucco repair, which involves filling and sealing of cracks and holes wide enough to contain a paper.
- Wood replacement and/or repair
- Pressure washing
Although it is difficult at the beginning, taking this effort will surely worth it in the end, as it promotes longevity of the end product.
Below are the reasons why you need to prepare your surface before painting:
- Even painting: Your paint will look odd in the shade if you refuse to perform priming on your surface before you start painting. The paint surface will be able to absorb more normally throughout the entire wall when you seal and prime your surface.
- Paint adhesion: You have to prepare your surface regardless of how neat it looks before painting, as there most certainly will be dirt, dust, and mold that will hinder paint adhesion. Ensure your wall is properly dried before you paint because there will be no adhesion of paint on a damp or wet surface.
- Aesthetics: There will be a temptation for you to overlook surface preparation; make sure you don’t give in. The perfect paint job you think you’ve done will turn out to be riddled with flaws when dried if you fail to prepare your surface properly. Dedicate some time to prepare the surface properly.
- Durability: Once there are cracked surfaces, dirt, damp walls, and other surface problems, the life of any paint job is greatly threatened regardless of the quality of the job. To ensure the longevity of your paint, take your time to prepare the surface. Surface preparation may take a lot of your time, but it should not be skipped for any reason. Majority of paint failures are as a result of poor surface preparation. Make sure you ask the professional painting company you hire for the type of surface preparation they add on their estimate. Ask them what surface preparation techniques they think is best for your home. Your painters must be transparent and ready to update you on every progress they’ve made on the job and also help treat your home with ultimate care.
Things to do before you Paint a House
Majority of people often make the mistake of painting their house immediately they remove items, and laid drop sheets and applied tapes. But there is more to prepping your home for painting. Walls preparation is an essential step to make sure the painting job come out fine as expected. Experts revealed to us that it is best to enlist the help of professionals to handle this home improvement job. Continue reading to the things you need to do before you start painting your house:
Planning and Lead Paint Awareness
Painting preparations can be a difficult task. You might be lost on where to start, especially when you have a large painting project and not much or no experience. The most important first step is to draft a nice plan. Figure out what sections of the project that can be divided into parts and what sections can be handled together. Locate tough areas that could give you a problem and make sure you deal with them cautiously. It is also important to test for lead paint in this planning stage. It is important to understand what you are about to enter if your house was built before 1979. This is essential because you might have to sand or scrape the current exterior paint once the project begins.
Choose the Correct Paint
A professional painting contractor will guide you to the right type of paint for your exterior. According to Tom D’Antonio, a painting contractor located in Hawthorne, New Jersey, he said: “what your home is made of really matters when deciding on the paint to use.” This implies that there are different paint for bricks, wood, vinyl, aluminum, or cement siding. It is essential to figure out what materials are used to develop your house.
Find out How Much Paint you need
Running out of paint while the project is ongoing will get you frustrated. You also want to avoid having excess paint as well. Check a portable paint calculator you can use here. There are a few factors that will help you in calculating the exact amount of paint you need. You need first to calculate the square footage of your room. You can then decide on the number of the coat of paint you need. A single coat of paint might be enough if you plan to prime the walls and two if you are not.
Use Painting Supplies Checklist
Prepare everything you need to have a hassle-free painting which includes:
- Tape measure – Take the proper measurement of the walls to know the amount of paint to purchase. A gallon of paint covers 400sq-ft.
- Primer – Make use of primer and a stain blocker.
- Stirrer – This comes typically free when you buy paint. Make sure your stair paint properly before applying.
- Pouring spout – Connect the spout to 1 gallon of paint and pour it nicely.
- Five-gallon bucket – Maintain the color of the paint by mixing all the paint in a large container for big projects that requires more than a gallon of paint.
- Screen – Put this in a bucket to wipe the roller clean from excess paint.
- Roller tray – You can use a sturdy plastic or metal tray for small size jobs.
- Roller cover – You will have a nice finish for most interior surfaces with a 3/8-inch nap.
- Angled sash paintbrush – Use a 2-inch angled brush when painting trim to have more control.
- Blue painter’s tape – This is used for protecting trim or walls that you don’t want the paint to touch.
- Drop cloths – Use plastic coverings to protect furniture. Make use of a less slippery reusable canvas drop cloth on the floor.
- Hole filler – This is faster than spackling. Use hole filler to fill all the small holes on the wall.
- Screwdriver – This is used to remove switch plates and any other ceiling plates that give light before painting
- Sponge – Wash the walls using a few drops of dish-washing detergents with water before you prime the wall.
Paint Prep Ground Cover
You will need to prepare for plants and shrubs on your exterior home similarly to how you need to keep your pet safe. Make sure you cover your flowers and shrubs using a lightweight canvas to avoid having to clean paint drips on them. To make sure you don’t kill the plants you are protecting, make sure you remove the protective cover at after the work each day. Look out for fragile flowers or plants as you place your drop cloths and ladder. You can either avoid them if delicate or completely change their position into other temporary pots. Make sure you protect your waterfalls or any other water components. When you have a nice pre-painting plan, you will save yourself from the need for any future repairs.
Remove or Tape around Obstacles
There are much pieces of stuff spread over your home that you will not want the paint to touch. This is where the painter’s tape comes in. It includes such items like utility heads, racks, outlet boxes, and hose bibs. You will either have to remove or tape around these items depending on the type of item during the exterior preparation. There will be no need to stop once the painting starts when you properly secure these items. Ensure your total safety while on ladder taping some items even though most of the taping would be done at ground level.
Sanding and Scraping
Surface preparation is one of the tedious works in exterior paint preparation. Make sure there are no mistakes. Sanding and scraping remain the hardest part involved in preparation. You can conduct a swift preparation on an unpainted wall and proceed with painting. However, you will need to scrape off flaking paint and use sand to flush edges of many painted surfaces. This process is the most tedious and overwhelming but is essential to the entire painting process. Refusal to remove flaking paint before painting will result in flaking of the new paint as well, and also not sanding where required will leave many rough-looking areas on your house. You can make use of power sanders to quickly get the work done, but ensure you have proper dust and respiration control in place.
Surface Repairs and Cleaning
You will come to see damaged areas on your surfaces as you scrape off and sand flaking paint from your home. The damage might result from weather element or insect or animal activities. This is the best time to repair the damaged parts regardless of the reason behind it. You can then clean off the surface after the repair. When you properly sand debris and dust, use an air spray or a fast wipe down to remove them from the surface. You may have to scrub the siding of the house with a power washer or hand if the parts are so dirty, maybe from road dirt as a result of traffic jam. Avoid spraying in the up direction when you are using a power washer. Make sure you direct the sprayer in such direction as the same as rainfall. Your siding cannot shed water coming from below as it was originally designed to shed rainfall.
Conduct a Patch Test on Colors
Visit your local paint store and gather some paint chips to begin your color decision. Then start testing the colors to determine the most preferred tones. Tod Colbert, founder of a contracting and remodeling company known as Weather Tight located in West Allis, Wisconsin, says buying a pint of each color of paint is a nice idea because you will have the chance to test them. Then, paint a small portion of your house and wait a few days to view the painted part in various times of the day. You will have a better understanding and make the right decision on the color to pick.
The weather is another important factor to consider when preparing your exterior for painting. Consult a map of cold regions and determine if vapor barriers are required. Although rain can cause a sudden stop of an exterior paint job, there are other climatic factors to take note of as well. For instance, there are certain temperature limits for some paints and caulks. The paints will either cure at a slow pace or not at all in either an extremely cold or hot temperature. Consult the labels that come with the paint to avoid trouble. If you by chance stored paint in your garage during a winter freeze, you will have to research how to use frozen paint to find out if your paints are still usable.
Another important factor that may hinder cure times is humidity. Check the recent coat before you add another if you are doing the painting in humid conditions. Also, consider the direction of the sun when planning your painting work. The curing pace of a less exposed part of your home to sunshine will be slower while the part of your home that faces the sun directly will have a hard surface and turn dry to touch before they cure completely.
Prime your Walls
You can use a fresh coat of paint on the existing color of your walls if it is covered in water-based paint. However, it is important to use a primer on a gloss, semi-gloss, or oil-based color walls to have a perfect painting. Even though the normal primer is known to hide little flaws, the majority of the products cannot cover some marks left on the wall by permanent markers or water. Regardless of the amount of paint you apply on the wall, these marks will still find their way through it. The first thing to do is to remove the stains; if not possible, they make use of a stain-blocking primer.
Plan for Spills
This step is very simple but also capable of saving you from serious aggravation. Make sure you have something that you can use to clean up spills and drips before you get your paint. You will be using clean rags and water when applying latex paint. You will be using thinner, as advised by the paint manufacturer or mineral spirits when applying enamel or oil-based paint. Read the paint can’s label carefully for the guidance on clean up.
Pro tip: Thinner and mineral spirits are often used in place of each other as they are almost the same. However, mineral spirits are frequently used indoors due to their reduced fumes. Paint thinner, on the other hand, is cheaper but contains high Volatile Organic Compound (VOC). To know more difference between Paint Thinner and Mineral Spirits, kindly check through Google.
Prepare your Roller and Paint Brushes
Rollers are designed using fuzzy material which applies more than paint on your surfaces. Make sure you remove dirt or debris from the roller before you dip into the paint. Wrapping a painter’s tape backward on your hand to remove this debris is a nice idea. The tapped hand will work exactly like a lint roller when pressed onto the roller. Also, rub your hand with the dry paintbrushes and nicely tug on the fibers. This will make sure there are no loose fibers stuck in your paint from the paintbrush.
Final Test Swatch
Place a test swatch of paint on the wall before you switch into the full exterior paint preparation mode. You can also consult our tips on choosing the best exterior paint. Compare it with the color you already choose. It will be very frustrating to find out later that you have the wrong shade of blue when you are already half-way on the job, or that you are painting the wall in a gloss instead of a flat.
The tips in this article are there to give you a smooth and hassle-free painting experience beyond your expectations regardless of it is a professional painter or DIY. These steps, when followed, will lead you to have perfectly painted walls. Make sure you spare enough time to do proper preparatory work on your home before you start painting, as this will ensure you have a better and attractive end product on your painting project.